Monopolies A monopoly is defined as a single seller in a given industry appropriately defined. Being a single seller, by itself, is not good, nor evil — it depends on how one obtained that single-seller status. Did one obtain a monopoly by economic competition in the marketplace, or did one obtain it by political pull, i.
Although industrialisation has expanded to lesser-developed countries, it has generally been along lines determined by global corporations based in advanced capitalist countries. From colonialism, we have moved into the age of multinational corporate domination.
We live in an age of giants. Unchecked, they stride across the earth consuming much that lies in their path, leaving behind them great trails of destruction. There has been no levelling off of the global economy, as economists predicted.
They have over 7, stores world-wide and employ 2 million people. The world economic crisis has claimed a few victims, especially in the dodgy financial sector, such as the Lehman Brothers, but the process of monopolisation is continuing unabated. This has given rise to a rich elite unprecedented in history.
Throughout the s, it was mainly dominated by small family-owned firms. A hundred years later the biggest company, U. We call them monopolies in the sense that they collectively dominate the economy as a whole. So, what is causing this unprecedented concentration of power and wealth?
Economies of Scale As small companies compete, you naturally get market leaders.
As these companies get larger they become more efficient at producing goods and services. They invest in mass production techniques in order to produce goods more cheaply than their competitors.
They buy raw materials at cheaper prices because they buy in bulk. They expand specialization amongst their workforce. They also copyright and patent their work, preventing rivals from using it.
This is known as economies of scale. The bigger you get, the easier it is to make money. Smaller companies cannot compete. This is called a barrier-to-entry. When two market leaders merge they achieve massive economies of scale. This forces others to merge in order to compete, leading to ever greater concentration.
Monopolies often buy their rivals.
Price fixing Giant corporations have learned that competing against each other on the basis of price damages all parties.
Prices are set as high as possible by the market leader. Competing corporations then round their prices up in tandem, so they all rake it in.
Companies pour vast amounts of money into product differentiation in order to convince you, for instance, that Daz washing up powder is better than Ariel. Consumers benefit less today from competition between capitalists than ever. All we get is more advertising. Competition for profit means price wars do sometimes occur, often with workers footing the bill.
We know from bitter history that costs get passed down the chain.
|Essay on Humanities. Research Paper on Monopolies In A Capitalist Economy||Capitalism is an economic system characterised by: Lack of government intervention Means of production owned by private firms.|
|Unlike the classical economists, however, Marx recognized that such an economy was inherently unstable and impermanent. The way to succeed in a competitive market is to cut costs and expand production, a process which requires incessant accumulation of capital in ever new technological and organizational forms.|
|Capitalist Economic System | Economics Help||Why does capitalism cause monopoly?|
|Monthly Review | Monopoly Capitalism||Monopolies in a capitalist economy Essay, term paper, research paper:|
|September 28, A capitalist economic system is one characterised by free markets and the absence of government intervention in the economy.|
Asda funded its banana war on the back of a global deal with Del Monte.What Is a Monopoly? Think about the last time you played the famous board game Monopoly.
What was the objective of the game? Of course it was to win, but how did you win? Whichever player ultimately controlled all of the properties on the board won the game because they had achieved a monopoly on the real estate market of Atlantic .
Monopoly is a main driver of inequality, as profits concentrate more wealth in the hands of the few. The effects of monopoly enrage voters in their day-to-day lives, as they face the sky-high prices set by drug-company cartels and the abuses of cable providers, health insurers, and airlines.
However, in a capitalist economy certain monopolies are needed. Monopolies have a big impact on the economy and the consumers because of the amount of control that the monopolies have on the economy. There are certain times when it is best to have monopolies then others, it really depends on the status of the economy.
Monopoly appears to be deeply rooted in the nature of the capitalist system: free competition, as an assumption, may be useful in the first stage of certain investigations, but as a description of the normal stage of capitalist economy it is merely a myth.
A good example to understand how capitalism can cause monopoly power is to look at the Gilded Age ss in the US. In this period there was very little, if any, government regulation of industries.
Why does capitalism cause monopoly? Tejvan Pettinger August 5, concepts Readers question: Firstly, I wholeheartedly praise the magnificent work done by you in exhibiting economic knowledge and demystifying it to us, the mediocre audience.