Humans evolved in the relatively safe comforts of Earth, where air is abundant and radiation almost nonexistent - just the opposite of space. Getting to space is dangerous, as you need a ride on a giant rocket just to get there.
European exploration and expansion into the Americas began in with the first voyage of Christopher Columbus, who sailed west for Spain. During the following century, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese and British explorers continued to risk their lives seeking treasure and adventure in the New World.
Economic Motives The primary motives of European explorers were economic. The supply of precious metals was finite, and monarchs hoped to find large deposits of gold and silver in the Americas.
Aside from the possibility of treasure, the European governments aimed to find a passage through the Americas to Asia.
Their hope was for a faster, safer trip to the Indies, avoiding dangerous waters and marauding pirates. Sailing west to reach the Indies also would avoid Arab middlemen in trade, meaning the merchants would have paid far less in trade costs.
The discovery of new peoples also opened up the possibilities for an entirely new trading sphere. The European explorers of the 16th century were primarily Christian. These individuals and their sponsors in Europe were concerned with spreading Christianity to the indigenous peoples of the New World.
These Europeans believed that it was their responsibility to minister to the uneducated "savages" they encountered. Spanish adventurer Hernan Cortes, also known as Hernando Cortes, was among the explorers who felt it was his duty to bring others into the fold of the Catholic church.
Prestige Much like modern countries, nations in 16th century Europe sought to be first or best at every endeavor. Each European state wanted to be the first to explore, discover or bring items back from new and exotic places.
If a country discovered a new route to the Far East, that nation also would control trade through that route. This would result not only in monetary gain, but also in the power and prestige of being the ruler of the area. Pursuit of Knowledge Some explorers were interested not only in economic gain but also in the potential accumulation of knowledge from adventuring in an unknown land or sea.
These men created maps of previously uncharted lands and cataloged flora, fauna and people they discovered. This thirst for knowledge was related to the Renaissance taking place in Europe at the time, a period of renewed interest in learning and the arts unparalleled since ancient times. Expansion Each country that engaged in western exploration intended to gain control of lands in the Americas, expanding its sphere of influence.
The acquisition of lands, natural resources and subjugated peoples was a matter of power, prestige and wealth.Apart from these two bases of exploration, the countries each had their own reasons for exploring. With colonization, each country controlled different parts of the New World, for the most part.
The Spaniards conquered Central America and South-West North America, along with South America. Dual Credit American History Essay Question Essay Possible Outline timberdesignmag.comtalism is the driving reason for exploration and the competition between nation states for colonies in the New World.
Microsoft Word - Age of Exploration Essay Question Author. [meteor_slideshow slideshow=”arp1″] Research on this assignment and write 5 pages based on the question: U.S. History – Discuss the political, economic, and social reasons for European exploration and colonization of the New World?.
Free european exploration papers, essays, and research papers. My Account. Your search returned over essays for " It only stands to reason that a clash would occur with the natives of these lands. One of the areas with the greatest conflict was the field of technology.
Scientifically, when the cultures of 15th century Europe and the. Reasons for Exploration Before the Age of Exploration, little was known to the Europeans of the outside world.
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Reasons for Exploration Before the Age of Exploration, little was known to the Europeans of the outside world. There was the misconception that the earth was flat and finite.
Likewise, in accordance to the .