Institutional Constraints and Deforestation: An Application to Mexico Study from: Following Norththis article hypothesizes that effective rural institutions may impose additional costs on tropical deforestation through agricultural conversion. This allows a formal agricultural household analysis of institutional constraints on deforestation and therefore a method of empirically testing whether there is any significant difference in the actual level of forest land conversion under institutional constraints [collectively owned and managed land or ejido] compared to the level of conversion under pure open access.
October 8th, A new academic study based on the Canadian census suggests that a married mom and dad matter for children. Children of same-sex coupled households do not fare as well. A study published last week in the journal Review of the Economics of the Household—analyzing data from a very large, population-based sample—reveals that the children of gay and lesbian couples are only about 65 percent as likely to have graduated from high school as the children of married, opposite-sex couples.
And gender matters, too: Unlike US-based studies, this one evaluates a 20 percent sample of the Canadian census, where same-sex couples have had access to all taxation and government benefits since and to marriage since So the study is able to compare—side by side—the young-adult children of same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples, as well as children growing up in single-parent homes and other types of households.
Three key findings stood out to Allen: Employing regression models and series of control variables, Allen concludes that the substandard performance cannot be attributed to lower school attendance or the more modest education of gay or lesbian parents.
Indeed, same-sex parents were characterized by higher levels of education, and their children were more likely to be enrolled in school than even those of married, opposite-sex couples.
And yet their children are notably more likely to lag in finishing their own schooling. The same is true of the young-adult children of common law parents, as well as single mothers and single fathers, highlighting how little—when you lean on large, high-quality samples—the data have actually changed over the past few decades.
Consider the case of girls. Regardless of the controls and whether or not girls are currently living in a gay or lesbian household, the odds of graduating from high school are considerably lower than any other household type.
Indeed, girls living in gay households are only 15 percent as likely to graduate compared to girls from opposite sex married homes. Thus although the children of same-sex couples fare worse overall, the disparity is unequally shared, but is instead based on the combination of the gender of child and gender of parents.
For girls, the opposite is true.
Please find a list of our global and regional case studies below. To access the country-specific case studies please click on the round beige (scientific case studies), blue (business case studies) or beige-blue (scientific and business case studies) icons directing you to a list of case studies . Emory Law is a top-ranked school known for exceptional scholarship, superior teaching, and demonstrated success in preparing students to practice. In the context of human society, a family (from Latin: familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth), affinity (by marriage or other relationship), or co-residence (as implied by the etymology of the English word "family"  [ ] from Latin familia 'family servants, domestics collectively, the servants in a household,' thus also 'members of.
Every study has its limitations, and this one does too. It is unable to track the household history of children. Nor is it able to establish the circumstances of the birth of the children whose education is evaluated—that is, were they the product of a heterosexual union, adopted, or born via surrogate or assisted reproductive technology?
Finally, the census did not distinguish between married and common law gay and lesbian couples. But couples they are. Indeed, its limitations are modest in comparison to its remarkable and unique strengths—a rigorous and thorough analysis of a massive, nationally-representative dataset from a country whose government has long affirmed same-sex couples and parenting.
Maybe a married mom and dad do matter, after all. Mark Regnerus is an associate professor of sociology at the University of Texas at Austin and senior fellow at the Austin Institute for the Study of Family and Culture.Mediation. Arbitration. Advocacy. At Fogelman Law we understand that your family law matter is the most important thing in your life.
We strive to find the best resolution for each client, recognizing the uniqueness of each client's circumstances. Emory Law is a top-ranked school known for exceptional scholarship, superior teaching, and demonstrated success in preparing students to practice.
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There is a new and significant piece of evidence in the social science debate about gay parenting and the unique contributions that mothers and fathers make to their children’s flourishing. Augusto Zimmermann. For years fathers’ groups have complained that whenever they request that fathers should have more time to spend with their children after divorce, feminist groups argue that those children will be exposed to more violence.