Attached to a suction pump Up to 15 weeks' gestation, suction-aspiration or vacuum aspiration are the most common surgical methods of induced abortion. These techniques differ in the mechanism used to apply suction, in how early in pregnancy they can be used, and in whether cervical dilation is necessary.
MVA, also known as "mini-suction" and " menstrual extraction ", can be used in very early pregnancy, and does not require cervical dilation.
Curettage refers to cleaning the walls of the uterus with a curette. After the 16th week of gestation, abortions can also be induced by intact dilation and extraction IDX also called intrauterine cranial decompressionwhich requires After birth abortions decompression of the fetus's head before evacuation.
IDX is sometimes called " partial-birth abortion ", which has been federally banned in the United States. In the third trimester of pregnancy, induced abortion may be performed surgically by intact dilation and extraction or by hysterotomy. Hysterotomy abortion is a procedure similar to a caesarean section and is performed under general anesthesia.
It requires a smaller incision than a caesarean section and is used during later stages of pregnancy. This procedure may be performed from 13 weeks gestation to the third trimester. For this reason, labor induced abortion is After birth abortions risky in the U.
The historian of medicine John Riddle has spoken of the "broken chain of knowledge," : And sometimes their fumbling attempts to recover the knowledge can be disastrous. For example, in one woman in Colorado died and another was seriously injured when they attempted to procure an abortion by taking pennyroyal oil.
Abortion is sometimes attempted by causing trauma to the abdomen. The degree of force, if severe, can cause serious internal injuries without necessarily succeeding in inducing miscarriage. These and other methods to terminate pregnancy may be called "induced miscarriage".
Such methods are rarely used in countries where surgical abortion is legal and available. The World Health Organization defines unsafe abortions as those performed by unskilled individuals, with hazardous equipment, or in unsanitary facilities.
Complications, which are rare, can include uterine perforationpelvic infectionand retained products of conception requiring a second procedure to evacuate. Second-trimester abortions are generally well-tolerated.
Referring to the U. In the prominent professor of obstetrics and gynecology Frederick J. Taussig wrote that a cause of increasing mortality during the years of illegality in the U. Abortion and mental health Current evidence finds no relationship between most induced abortions and mental-health problems   other than those expected for any unwanted pregnancy.
Unsafe abortion Soviet poster circawarning against midwives performing abortions.
They may attempt to self-abort or rely on another person who does not have proper medical training or access to proper facilities. This has a tendency to lead to severe complications, such as incomplete abortion, sepsishemorrhage, and damage to internal organs.
The Dublin Declaration on Maternal Health, signed innotes, "the prohibition of abortion does not affect, in any way, the availability of optimal care to pregnant women. Countries with restrictive abortion laws have higher rates of unsafe abortion and similar overall abortion rates compared to those where abortion is legal and available.
Between andin the U. However, restrictive abortion laws are associated with increases in the percentage of abortions performed unsafely. According to the report of employees of Guttmacher Institute it ranged from 7 per women Germany and Switzerland to 30 per women Estonia in countries with complete statistics in Gestational age and method Histogram of abortions by gestational age in England and Wales during Some of the most common reasons are to postpone childbearing to a more suitable time or to focus energies and resources on existing children.
Others include being unable to afford a child either in terms of the direct costs of raising a child or the loss of income while caring for the child, lack of support from the father, inability to afford additional children, desire to provide schooling for existing children, disruption of one's own education, relationship problems with their partner, a perception of being too young to have a child, unemployment, and not being willing to raise a child conceived as a result of rape or incestamong others.
These might include the preference for children of a specific sex or race,  disapproval of single or early motherhood, stigmatization of people with disabilities, insufficient economic support for families, lack of access to or rejection of contraceptive methods, or efforts toward population control such as China's one-child policy.
These factors can sometimes result in compulsory abortion or sex-selective abortion. Wade and Doe v. Even after the point of viability, the state cannot favor the life of the fetus over the life or health of the pregnant woman.
Under the right of privacy, physicians must be free to use their "medical judgment for the preservation of the life or health of the mother. Bolton, in which the Court defined health very broadly: All these factors may relate to health. This allows the attending physician the room he needs to make his best medical judgment.Feb 25, · People think “after-birth abortion” is a real thing or a policy proposal.
They don’t even read carefully enough to notice that I was criticizing it. I’m getting tweets and comments depicting me as a baby killer. Chapter OFFENSES AGAINST THE FAMILY. Bigamy. No married person shall marry another or continue to cohabit with such other person in this state.
BACKGROUND. In two landmark abortion cases, Roe timberdesignmag.com and Doe timberdesignmag.com, the Supreme Court held that states could restrict or ban abortions after fetal viability in some circumstances, but.
even after fetal viability, states may not prohibit abortions “necessary to . The father, if married to the mother at the time she receives a partial-birth abortion procedure, and if the mother has not attained the age of 18 years at the time of the abortion, the maternal grandparents of the fetus, may in a civil action obtain appropriate relief, unless the pregnancy resulted.
Child euthanasia is a form of euthanasia that is applied to children who are gravely ill or suffer from significant birth defects.
In , the Netherlands became the first country to decriminalize euthanasia for infants with hopeless prognosis and intractable pain. Late termination of pregnancy (TOP), also known as postviability abortion, induced termination of pregnancy (ITOP), or simply abortion is a termination of pregnancy that is performed during a later stage of pregnancy.
Late termination of pregnancy is more controversial than abortion in general because it results in the death of a fetus that is more developed and sometimes able to survive.