A response to a passage from herodotus histories

Visit Website Origins of the Histories Instead of settling in one place, Herodotus spent his life traveling from one Persian territory to another. He headed to Macedonia and visited all the islands of the Greek Archipelago: He listened to myths and legends, recorded oral histories and made notes of the places and things that he saw.

A response to a passage from herodotus histories

The data are so few — they rest upon such late and slight authority; they are so improbable or so contradictory, that to compile them into a biography is like building a house of cards, which the first breath of criticism will blow to the ground. Still, certain points may be approximately fixed There is no reason to disbelieve the Suda's information about his family: The town was within the Persian Empire at that time, making Herodotus a Persian subject, [29] [30] and it may be that the young Herodotus heard local eye-witness accounts of events within the empire and of Persian preparations for the invasion of Greece, including the movements of the local fleet under the command of Artemisia I of Caria.

Inscriptions recently discovered at Halicarnassus indicate that her grandson Lygdamis negotiated with a local assembly to settle disputes over seized property, which is consistent with a tyrant under pressure. The epic poet Panyassis — a relative of Herodotus — is reported to have taken part in a failed uprising.

So it is possible that his family was involved in an uprising against Lygdamis, leading to a period of exile on Samos and followed by some personal hand in the tyrant's eventual fall.

The statue of Herodotus in his hometown of Halicarnassusmodern BodrumTurkey Herodotus wrote his Histories in the Ionian dialect, yet he was born in Halicarnassus, which was a Dorian settlement. According to the Suda, Herodotus learned the Ionian dialect as a boy living on the island of Samos, to which he had fled with his family from the oppressions of Lygdamis, tyrant of Halicarnassus and grandson of Artemisia.

The Suda also informs us that Herodotus later returned home to lead the revolt that eventually overthrew the tyrant. Due to recent discoveries of inscriptions at Halicarnassus dated to about Herodotus's time, we now know that the Ionic dialect was used in Halicarnassus in some official documents, so there is no need to assume like the Suda that he must have learned the dialect elsewhere.

That itself is a good reason to doubt such a romantic account. It was, therefore, an outward-looking, international-minded port within the Persian Empireand the historian's family could well have had contacts in other countries under A response to a passage from herodotus histories rule, facilitating his travels and his researches.

He probably traveled to Tyre next and then down the Euphrates to Babylon. According to Eusebius [33] and Plutarch[34] Herodotus was granted a financial reward by the Athenian assembly in recognition of his work. Possibly he died in Macedonia instead, after obtaining the patronage of the court there; or else he died back in Thurium.

Author and orator[ edit ] Herodotus would have made his researches known to the larger world through oral recitations to a public crowd. John Marincola writes in his introduction to the Penguin edition of The Histories that there are certain identifiable pieces in the early books of Herodotus's work which could be labeled as "performance pieces".

These portions of the research seem independent and "almost detachable", so that they might have been set aside by the author for the purposes of an oral performance.

The idea was to criticize previous arguments on a topic and emphatically and enthusiastically insert their own in order to win over the audience. According to LucianHerodotus took his finished work straight from Anatolia to the Olympic Games and read the entire Histories to the assembled spectators in one sitting, receiving rapturous applause at the end of it.

Hence the proverbial expression "Herodotus and his shade" to describe someone who misses an opportunity through delay.

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Herodotus's recitation at Olympia was a favourite theme among ancient writers, and there is another interesting variation on the story to be found in the Suda: Herodotus observed prophetically to the boy's father, "Your son's soul yearns for knowledge.

Such at least was the opinion of Marcellinus in his Life of Thucydides. Many scholars, ancient and modern, routinely cite Herodotus e.

A response to a passage from herodotus histories

Many of these scholars Welsby, Heeren, Aubin, Diop, etc. Heeren quoted Herodotus throughout his work and provided corroboration by scholars regarding several passages source of the Nile, location of Meroe, etc. Aubin said that Herodotus was "the author of the first important narrative history of the world".

Lloyd argues that, as a historical document, the writings of Herodotus are seriously defective, and that he was working from "inadequate sources". For example, he reports that the annual flooding of the Nile was said to be the result of melting snows far to the south, and he comments that he cannot understand how there can be snow in Africa, the hottest part of the known world, offering an elaborate explanation based on the way that desert winds affect the passage of the Sun over this part of the world 2: He also passes on reports from Phoenician sailors that, while circumnavigating Africathey "saw the sun on the right side while sailing westwards".

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Owing to this brief mention, which is included almost as an afterthought, it has been argued that Africa was circumnavigated by ancient seafarers, for this is precisely where the sun ought to have been. His accounts of India are among the oldest records of Indian civilization by an outsider.

He described Gelonuslocated in Scythiaas a city thousands of times larger than Troy ; this was widely disbelieved until it was rediscovered in The archaeological study of the now-submerged ancient Egyptian city of Heracleion and the recovery of the so-called "Naucratis stela" give credibility to Herodotus's previously unsupported claim that Heracleion was founded during the Egyptian New Kingdom.

Croesus Receiving Tribute from a Lydian Peasant, by Claude Vignon After journeys to India and Pakistan, French ethnologist Michel Peissel claimed to have discovered an animal species that may illuminate one of the most bizarre passages in Herodotus's Histories.

This region, he reports, is a sandy desert, and the sand there contains a wealth of fine gold dust.

A response to a passage from herodotus histories

These giant ants, according to Herodotus, would often unearth the gold dust when digging their mounds and tunnels, and the people living in this province would then collect the precious dust. Peissel reports that, in an isolated region of northern Pakistan on the Deosai Plateau in Gilgit—Baltistan province, there is a species of marmot — the Himalayan marmota type of burrowing squirrel — that may have been what Herodotus called giant ants.

The ground of the Deosai Plateau is rich in gold dust, much like the province that Herodotus describes. According to Peissel, he interviewed the Minaro tribal people who live in the Deosai Plateau, and they have confirmed that they have, for generations, been collecting the gold dust that the marmots bring to the surface when they are digging their underground burrows.

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Later authors such as Pliny the Elder mentioned this story in the gold mining section of his Naturalis Historia. The Himalayan marmot Peissel offers the theory that Herodotus may have confused the old Persian word for "marmot" with the word for "mountain ant".Aristotle refers to a version of The Histories written by 'Herodotus of Thurium' and indeed some passages in the Histories have been interpreted as proof that he wrote about southern Italy from personal experience there (IV, 15, 99; VI ).

Unlike Thucydides, Herodotus focused primarily on the non-Greek world. We know little about his private life and in Histories he offers practically no biographical information. On his travels, he covered a large part of the Persian Empire: he went to Egypt, at least as far south as Aswan, and he also visited Libya, Syria, Babylonia, Susa in Elam, Lydia, and Phrygia.

UGC Rec Response paper 3 A Response to “ Herodotus on the Battle of Thermopylae ( B.C.E)” In book seven (VII) of his Histories, Herodotus details the Persian conquest of over the Greeks who were led by Leonidas and the rule of Xerxes.

It is a copy of The Histories by Herodotus, with the patient's own writing, observations, and memoirs pasted into it.

The Bible, Herodotus, and Egypt

She reads of the desert winds that are known to destroy. She reads of the desert winds that are known to destroy. Athenian Democratic Ideology in Herodotus' Athenian Narratives. Herodotus' first installment of Athenian history in the Histories occurs in the midst of his account of Lydian history in book 1.

The Lydian king, Croesus, is seeking a Greek ally for his invasion of Persia and makes inquiries at Athens and Sparta. Caitlin Beaumont C Passage 2 Herodotus: The Writer and Historian Herodotus the writer, from the later fifth century, is considered to be one of the first ancient scholars who had invented historiography.

He was a known traveller, who journeyed to many different places such as Egypt and Babylon and Greece and he is most famous for his.

Herodotus and the Bible : Christian Courier