Baroque painting in Central and South America is basically an extension of that of Spain and Portugal, and even the best rarely rises to the general standard of the European schools. Important paintings and sculptures tended to be imported from Europe,… Pre-Columbian Central America Central Americaan archaeological bridge connecting North and South Americawas, before the arrival of the Europeans, home to various nomadic and sedentary cultures. Although the Maya were the most advanced pre-Columbian civilization in the hemisphere, they were never unified.
After failing to gain support for his project in Portugal, he decided to move to Spain, where, he won the support of the Catholic Monarchs, Queen Isabella of Castile and King Ferdinand of Aragon. They gave him part of their fortune to finance his venture across the vast ocean.
Columbus set sail from Palos de la Frontera with three small ships: Following a long journey, Columbus landed on the coast of a Caribbean island in what is known today as the Bahamas. Regardless, the moment he stepped onto dry land marked the beginning of the Spanish conquest of the Americas.
During his first voyage, Columbus traveled to Cuba as well as Hispaniola, the home of present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic. His fame helped him gain further royal patronage, allowing him to lead three more expeditions to the Caribbean before his death in On his second voyage, which left from Cadiz inColumbus sailed with 17 ships carrying soldiers, farmers, craftsman, and priests who would go on to establish the first permanent colonies in the Americas.
Over the decades that followed, the Spanish killed, conquered, and enslaved people from hundreds of different indigenous groups in the New World, but they were perhaps most interested in the vast riches of the Aztec and Inca empires. When the Spanish came to a place for the first time, they were often friendly with the locals, who would give them gifts of gold and women.
Instead of placating the Spanish, this evidence of great wealth fueled their dreams of conquering the indigenous people, raiding their treasures, taking control of their land with its gold and silver mines, and becoming rich beyond their wildest dreams.
Today, Malintzin, commonly known as La Malincheis a very important figure in Mexican history, though interpretations of her actions are a great source of controversy in Mexico. Along the way, the Spaniards came across different indigenous groups willing to help them defeat the Aztecs, especially the Tlaxcala.
These groups had previously been conquered by the Aztecs and forced to serve the Empire, and they resented having to make tributes and provide victims for religious sacrifices.
Under constant attack, the Spanish were forced to flee the city. Atahualpa accepted — backed by thousands of loyal warriors, he was not afraid of Pizarro and his men, who numbered less than However, Pizarro launched an attack, killing thousands of Incas and capturing Atahualpa.
The Inca leader knew what the gold-hungry Spanish were after and offered to pay a ransom by filling the room where he was being held with gold. Pizarro accepted, and during the following months Incas brought gold, silver, jewelry, and other riches from all over the Empire.
Eventually, Atahualpa was able to pay the ransom, but the Spanish executed him anyway inmarking the end of the mighty Inca Empire. How were the relatively small Spanish armies able to conquer much larger indigenous forces?
In addition to their strategic alliances with different indigenous groups, the Spanish had several advantages.
First, their weaponry and armor were much more advanced. They also had horses, imposing animals the natives had never seen before.
In addition to terrifying the natives, horses gave the Spanish an additional military advantage. Lastly, the diseases brought from the Old World killed millions of native people, drastically weakening every indigenous population.The conquest of Central America is primarily the story of the conquest of the Maya states in northern Central America (–).
There were, however, other tribes further south. Rodrigo de Bastidas established Spain's claim to the isthmus of Panama.
America, Spanish conquest. Americas. The trans-Atlantic slave trade become one of the most significant and for many, traumatic, periods in world history.
But colonial rule was not destined to last in the Americas. In Central and South America, the Spanish settlers eventually intermarried with the Incas and Aztecs as most of the settlers.
Watch video · Did you know? The Aztec language, Nahuatl, was the dominant language in central Mexico by the mids. Numerous Nahuatl words borrowed by the Spanish were later absorbed into English as well. The conquest of Central America is primarily the story of the conquest of the Maya states in northern Central America (–).
There were, however, other tribes further south. Rodrigo de Bastidas established Spain's claim to the isthmus of Panama. He sailied along the Darién coast (March ).
Christopher Columbus, on his fourth voyage, sailed . The Spanish conquest of Central America ranks among the most violently destructive processes in world history. The combination of prolonged warfare, forced labor, enslavement, and disease decimated the indigenous population, which nonetheless survived and endured both .
The Spanish conquest of Central America ranks among the most violently destructive processes in world history. The combination of prolonged warfare, forced labor, enslavement, and disease decimated the indigenous population, which nonetheless survived and endured both the conquest and years of colonial rule.