Abstract Background Aging is becoming a more noticeable phenomenon in Poland and Europe.
Concern peaks in East Asia, where nearly nine-in-ten Japanese, eight-in-ten South Koreans and seven-in-ten Chinese describe aging as a major problem for their country. Europeans also display a relatively high level of concern with aging, with more than half of the public in Germany and Spain saying that it is a major problem.
Americans are among the least concerned, with only one-in-four expressing this opinion. These attitudes track the pattern of aging itself around the world.
In Japan and South Korea, the majorities of the populations are projected to be older than 50 by China is one of most rapidly aging countries in the world. Germany and Spain, along with their European neighbors, are already among the countries with the oldest populations today, and their populations will only get older in the future.
Public concern with the growing number of older people is lower outside of East Asia and Europe. In most of these countries, such as Indonesia and Egypt, the proportion of older people in the population is relatively moderate and is expected to remain so in the future.
Pakistan, Nigeria and other countries potentially stand to benefit from future demographic trends. These are countries that currently have large shares of children in their populations, and these children will age into the prime of their work lives in the future.
Confidence is lowest in Japan, Italy and Russia, countries that are aging and where economic growth has been anemic in recent years. In these three countries, less than one-third of people are confident about their old-age standard of living. Meanwhile, there is considerable optimism about the old-age standard of living among the public in countries whose populations are projected to be relatively young in the future or that have done well economically in recent years, such as in Nigeria, Kenya, South Africa and China.
When asked who should bear the greatest responsibility for the economic well-being of the elderly—their families, the government or the elderly themselves—the government tops the list in 13 of the 21 countries that were surveyed. However, many who name the government are less confident in their own standard of living in old age compared with those who name themselves or their families.
Rarely do people see retirement expenses as mainly a personal obligation. In only four countries—South Korea, the U. Americans are less likely than most of the global public to view the growing number of older people as a major problem.
They are more confident than Europeans that they will have an adequate standard of living in their old age. This is not because the U. American baby boomers are aging, and one-in-five U. Inthe global median age 29 was eight years lower than the U. Also, driven by immigration, the U. For these reasons, perhaps, the American public is more sanguine than most about aging.
The aging of populations does raise concerns at many levels for governments around the world. There is concern over the possibility that a shrinking proportion of working-age people ages 15 to 64 in the population may lead to an economic slowdown.
The smaller working-age populations must also support growing numbers of older dependents, possibly creating financial stress for social insurance systems and dimming the economic outlook for the elderly. Graying populations will also fuel demands for changes in public investments, such as the reallocation of resources from the needs of children to the needs of seniors.
At the more personal level, longer life spans may strain household finances, cause people to extend their working lives or rearrange family structures. This study reports on the findings from a Pew Research Center survey of publics in 21 countries.
The report also examines trends in the aging of the global population, the U. The result will be a much older world, a future in which roughly one-in-six people is expected to be 65 and older bydouble the proportion today.
The population of children, meanwhile, will be at a virtual standstill due to long-term declines in birth rates around the world. And, more countries will find that they have more adults ages 65 and older than they have children younger than Japan, China, South Korea and many countries in Europe are expected to have greater numbers of people dependent on shrinking workforces, a potentially significant demographic challenge for economic growth.
However, aging elsewhere, such as India and several African countries, mostly means the aging of children into the workforce.the process of aging including the social image. being an inadequate indicator of aging. While society may consider people to be aged at 60/65 years, people of this age group may not ATTITUDES TOWARDS OLD AGE: A STUDY OF THE SELF-IMAGE OF AGED 3 still believed that personality does not change.
Apr 25, · Aging is becoming a more noticeable phenomenon in Poland and Europe. We analysed the perception of youth by elderly and compared attitudes of students of the University of the Third Age (SU3A) with nursing homes residents (NHR) to young people.
% of all respondents answered positively to the. Spearman correlation between knowledge and attitude towards aging was found to be highly significant with ρ (84) = , p. He added, “These unflattering cultural representations of the aging process affect some middle-aged and older adults’ attitudes toward aging.” For .
nurse attitudes toward caring for older patients with delirium Delirium, which is prevalent among older hospitalized patients, is a disease that may be prevented or reversed with appropriate care. THE AGING PROCESS Curriculum Resource Material for Local Long-Term Care Ombudsmen Adapted from the Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program approaches to case studies and class room discussion on related topics.
• Another option is for students to read the resource materials prior to class, then project.